Paleontologists have discovered in "cradle of humanity" in South Africa, cancer patients suffering from protolûdej bones of the feet and foot bones that once again disproves the mythical useful properties paleodiety and says that cancer is accompanied by evolution, stated in articles published in the journal of the South African Journal of Science.
"Modern medicine postulates that cancer and various tumors are products of modern lifestyles and pollution Wednesday. Our research suggests that these diseases existed millions of years ago, long before the advent of the first industrialized countries, "said Edward Quds (Odes) from the University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa).
Quds and his colleagues carried out this discovery, excavating in the so-called "cradle of humanity"-a special complex of sedimentary rocks in the vicinity of Johannesburg, where they found the remains of many ancient protolûdej and their relatives, including Australopithecus sediba, which today is the main candidate for the ancestor of the genus Homo.
Since the discovery of the remains of this type of ancient hominids (great apes most progressive family) Lee Berger in 2009 year, scientists continuously carry out excavations in the Malapa cave complex and Ukhahlamba/trying to find new remains of these avstalopitekov and confirm or refute their claim on the role of "lost" link in human evolution.
Instead, Berger's team found something different-traces of the most ancient in mankind's history of cancer and benign tumors, opening the bones of two unknown hominid, Australopithecus sediba, allegedly lived in the caves of the Ukhahlamba/1.7 and 1.98 million years ago.
More ancient remains belonged to a young male aged about 12-13 years, suffering from so-called osteoid osteomas-benign tumors of the bone, leading to uncontrolled growth of bone tissue. In this case, the tumor originated inside one of the fins of a young primate. The emergence of osteomas accompanied by constant acute pain, which may explain why he died at such an early age.
The remains of the later Australopithecus, in turn, bore the traces of more dangerous tumors-malignant osteosarcoma, affecting the feet and toes of this individual. It is likely that these bone outgrowths hindered the rule of walking, and were even more painful than the Osteoma of the first inhabitant of the cave. Age and gender of the holder of this tumor, unfortunately, cannot be determined due to the fragmentation of his remains.
According to scientists, one of the most ancient examples of cancer among men were the remains of Neanderthals found in the Croatian Krapina cave, whose age was approximately 120 thousand years. The presence of cancer in the most ancient of our kind, according to Berger and his colleagues, said that the existence of such tumors among modern people cannot be explained by environmental pollution Wednesday, the transition to a modern lifestyle, cooking food and refusal to paleodiety.
In the spring of the year 2015 in Egypt was during the excavation was discovered the most ancient case of breast cancer-was ostankom them women 4200 years.